How many wonderful things can be met on this smallest continent and at the same time the biggest island in the world! How many dangers await a traveler in Australia!
The capital of Australia is Canberra, a meticulously planned city, thought out to the last detail, vivid and juicy, with its own character distinguishing it from other cities. Australia is blessed by prolific climate, comfortably warm for most of the year. Sometimes it can be extremely hot in summer, but in winter you can even play snowballs in the south-west of the country, only in the mountains, though. Seasons here are antipodal to the seasons in the northern hemisphere: January is usually the hottest month, while July is the coldest time of the year. The national currency is Australian dollar (AUD). The northern and the eastern coasts of Australia are washed by the seas of the Pacific Ocean: the Arafura Sea, the Coral Sea, the Tasman Sea and the Timor Sea of the Indian Ocean; the western and southern coasts are washed by the Indian Ocean. Near Australia there are large islands: New Guinea and Tasmania. The biggest cay in the world – Grea Barrier Reef, which can be seen from the space – stretches for more than 2 thousand kilometers along the north-east coast of Australia. Great Barrier Reef is also the biggest natural phenomenon formed by living organisms. Diving will be particularly fascinating here.
In the vast of Australia you can meet kangaroos and koalas, ibises and parrots, iguanas, echidnas and many other exotic animals. Interestingly, more than 150 millions of sheep pasturing in Australia outnumber its people about seven times. However, do not forget that the most poisonous creatures live just in Australia, for example: ‘sea wasp’, whose poison can kill more than 50 adults or stingray, which can easily pierce human skin by its poisonous barbs.
The largest international airports in Australia:
Diving in Australia. Most popular places:
Queensland – washed by the Coral Sea (Great Barrier Reef)
New South Wales – washed by the Tasman Sea
Victoria – has an extensive river system. The most important is the Murray River net, whose bank is the northern boundary of the state. To the south of the state there is the Bass Strait.
South Australia – its southern part is washed by the Great Australian Bight and the Southern Ocean.
Western Australia – the northern and the western shores of the state are washed by the Indian Ocean.
Northern Territory – in the north it is washed by the Timor Sea, the Arafura Sea and the Gulf of Carpentaria.
Tasmania – the island is situated in the ‘roaring forties’ on the way of persistent western stormy winds. It is washed by the Indian and the Pacific Oceans and is separated from Australia by the Bass Strait.
Norfolk Island is situated in the southern part of the Pacific Ocean to the east of Australia.
Christmas Island – a small island in the Indian Ocean.The Cocos (Keeling) Islands – a group of 27 small coral islands, situated in the Indian Ocean.