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Russia is the largest country in the world. . The capital of Russia is Moscow, and it’s the biggest city in the country. Another big and famous city in Russia is Saint Petersburg. It has once been a capital of the country. These two cities have the majority of Russian sights. For example, the Kremlin, which is situated in the heart of Moscow, the Bolshoi Theater, which is also in Moscow and many others. Saint-Petersburg is famous by its magnificent architecture. The Golden Ring of Russia includes such cities as Suzdal, Vladimir, Ivanovo, Yaroslavl and many others. These cities are famous for their rich history and ancient churches. Also, tourists can take part in some authentic festivals when visiting these cities. The deepest lake in the world, Baikal, is also situated in Russia, in the East Siberian region.

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Russia also officially known as the Russian Federation is a country in Eurasia. At 17,075,200 square kilometres (6,592,800 sq mi), Russia is the largest country in the world by surface area, covering more than one-eighth of the Earth's inhabited land area,and the ninth most populous, with over 144 million people at the end of March 2016. The European western part of the country is much more populated and urbanised than the eastern; about 77% of the population live in European Russia. Russia's capital Moscow is one of the largest cities in the world; other major urban centers include Saint Petersburg, Novosibirsk, Yekaterinburg, Nizhny Novgorod, and Kazan.

Extending across the entirety of Northern Asia and much of Eastern Europe, Russia spans eleven time zones and incorporates a wide range of environments and landforms. From northwest to southeast, Russia shares land borders with Norway, Finland, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania and Poland (both with Kaliningrad Oblast), Belarus, Ukraine, Georgia, Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, China, Mongolia, and North Korea. It shares maritime borders with Japan by the Sea of Okhotsk and the U.S.state of Alaska across the Bering Strait.

Sheremetyevo International Airport
Moscow OblastMoscow Oblast
Increase 7.6%
2Domodedovo International AirportMoscowMoscow
Moscow OblastMoscow Oblast
MoscowDME28,537,243[3] Decrease 6.6%Steady
3Vnukovo International AirportMoscowMoscowMoscowVKO14,012,058[4] Decrease 11.6%Steady
4Pulkovo AirportSaint PetersburgSaint Petersburg
Leningrad OblastLeningrad Oblast
Saint PetersburgLED13,265,037[5] Decrease 1.8%Steady
5Sochi International AirportKrasnodar KraiKrasnodar KraiSochiAER5,262,754[6] Increase 28.7%Increase2
6Simferopol International AirportRepublic of CrimeaRepublic of CrimeaSimferopolSIP5,201,690[7] Increase 3.7%Decrease1
7Koltsovo AirportSverdlovsk OblastSverdlovsk OblastYekaterinburgSVX4,300,738[8] Increase 1.2%Decrease1
8Tolmachevo AirportNovosibirsk OblastNovosibirsk OblastNovosibirskOVB4,097,566[9] Increase 10.6%Steady
9Pashkovsky AirportKrasnodar KraiKrasnodar KraiKrasnodarKRR3,002,121[10] Decrease 4.0%Steady
10Ufa International AirportBashkortostanBashkortostanUfaUFA2,318,434[1] Increase 0,2%Steady
11Rostov-on-Don AirportRostov OblastRostov OblastRostov on DonROV2,094,953[1] Increase 1.6%Increase1
12Kurumoch International AirportSamara OblastSamara OblastSamaraKUF2,091,818[11] Decrease 5.3%Decrease1
13Kazan International AirportTatarstanTatarstanKazanKZN1,923,223[12] Increase 6.9%Increase3
14Khabarovsk Novy AirportKhabarovsk KraiKhabarovsk KraiKhabarovskKHV1,869,096[1] Increase 2.6%Steady
15Vladivostok International AirportPrimorsky KraiPrimorsky KraiVladivostokVVO1,850,311[13] Increase 9.0%Increase2
16Yemelyanovo AirportKrasnoyarsk KraiKrasnoyarsk KraiKrasnoyarskKJA1,822,877[14] Increase 1.0%Decrease1
17Mineralnye Vody AirportStavropol KraiStavropol KraiMineralnye VodyMRV1,731,558[15] Decrease 11.9%Decrease4
18Irkutsk AirportIrkutsk OblastIrkutsk OblastIrkutskIKT1,708,894[1] Increase 0.9%Steady
19Khrabrovo AirportKaliningrad OblastKaliningrad OblastKaliningradKGD1,570,854[16] Increase 1.8%Steady
20Roschino International AirportTyumen OblastTyumen OblastTyumenTJM1,530,549[17] Increase 8.7%Increase1
21Surgut AirportTyumen OblastTyumen Oblast
Khanty-Mansi Autonomous OkrugKhanty-Mansi Autonomous Okrug
SurgutSGC1,489,395[1] Increase 4.0%Decrease1
22Vityazevo AirportKrasnodar KraiKrasnodar KraiAnapaAAQ1,418,454[10] Increase 20.2%Increase2
23Balandino AirportChelyabinsk OblastChelyabinsk OblastChelyabinskCEK1,225,902[1] Decrease 1.1%Steady
24Bolshoye Savino AirportPerm KraiPerm KraiPermPEE1,131,844[18] Decrease 12.1%Decrease2
25Yuzhno-Sakhalinsk AirportSakhalin OblastSakhalin OblastYuzhno-SakhalinskUUS942,778[1] Increase 11.0%Increase5
26Novy Urengoy AirportTyumen OblastTyumen Oblast
Yamalo-Nenets Autonomous OkrugYamalo-Nenets Autonomous Okrug
Novy UrengoyNUX899,429[1] Increase 2.9%Increase2
27Yakutsk AirportSakha RepublicSakha RepublicYakutskYKS877,580[1] Increase 0.6%Increase2
28Uytash AirportDagestanDagestanMakhachkalaMCX869,471[19] Increase 23.0%Increase5
29Omsk Tsentralny AirportOmsk OblastOmsk OblastOmskOMS830,549[1] Decrease6.4%Decrease2
30Volgograd International AirportVolgograd OblastVolgograd OblastVolgogradVOG811,606[1] Decrease10.0%Decrease4
31Strigino AirportNizhny Novgorod OblastNizhny Novgorod OblastNizhny NovgorodGOJ779,709[1] Decrease 18.1%Decrease6
32Murmansk AirportMurmansk OblastMurmansk OblastMurmanskMMK763,668[1] Increase 1.5%Steady
33Talagi AirportArkhangelsk OblastArkhangelsk OblastArkhangelskARH734,373[1] Decrease 8.4%Decrease2
34Nizhnevartovsk AirportTyumen OblastTyumen Oblast
Khanty-Mansi Autonomous OkrugKhanty-Mansi Autonomous Okrug
NizhnevartovskNJC631,871[1] Decrease 6.4%Steady
35Yelizovo AirportKamchatka KraiKamchatka KraiPetropavlovsk-KamchatskyPKC618,314[1] Increase 2.5%Increase1
36Bogashevo AirportTomsk OblastTomsk OblastTomskTOF553,470[1] Increase 8.3%Increase2
37Narimanovo AirportAstrakhan OblastAstrakhan OblastAstrakhanASF525,363[1] Decrease 4.5%Steady
38Alykel AirportKrasnoyarsk KraiKrasnoyarsk KraiNorilskNSK515,764[1] Increase 3.3%Increase1
39Orenburg Tsentralny AirportOrenburg OblastOrenburg OblastOrenburgREN487,191[1] Decrease 22.7%Decrease4
40Syktyvkar AirportKomi RepublicKomi RepublicSyktyvkarSCW451,187[1] Decrease 1.8%Increase2
41Chertovitskoye AirportVoronezh OblastVoronezh OblastVoronezhVOZ434,386[1] Decrease 3.5%Steady
42Saratov Tsentralny AirportSaratov OblastSaratov OblastSaratovRTW433,385[1] Decrease 3.7%Decrease2
43Barnaul AirportAltai KraiAltai KraiBarnaulBAX386,967[1] Increase 2.4%Increase1
44Begishevo AirportTatarstanTatarstanNaberezhnye ChelnyNBC380,997[1] Increase 3.7%Increase1
45Beslan AirportNorth Ossetia-AlaniaNorth Ossetia–AlaniaVladikavkazOGZ369,288[1] Increase 9.3%Increase 3
46Sokol AirportMagadan OblastMagadan OblastMagadanGDX349,766[1] Decrease 6.0%Increase3
47Belgorod AirportBelgorod OblastBelgorod OblastBelgorodEGO346,469[1] Decrease 16.9%Decrease4
48Stavropol AirportStavropol KraiStavropol KraiStavropolSTW328,152[1] Increase 1.8%Increase2
49Kadala AirportZabaykalsky KraiZabaykalsky KraiChitaHTA327,564[1] Increase 5.1%Increase2
50Ignatyevo AirportAmur OblastAmur OblastBlagoveshchenskBQS323,865[1] Decrease 10.8%Decrease4
51Salekhard AirportTyumen OblastTyumen Oblast
Yamalo-Nenets Autonomous OkrugYamalo-Nenets Autonomous Okrug
SalekhardSLY296,294[1] Increase 3.6%Increase2
52Mirny AirportSakha RepublicSakha RepublicMirnyMJZ291,410[1] Increase 21.9%Increase5
53Gelendzhik AirportKrasnodar KraiKrasnodar KraiGelendzhikGDZ272,864[1] Decrease 0.5%Increase1
54Kemerovo AirportKemerovo OblastKemerovo OblastKemerovoKEJ268,560[1] Decrease 22.7%Decrease7
55Izhevsk AirportUdmurtiaUdmurtiaIzhevskIJK257,065[1] Increase 6.4%Increase1
56Baikal International AirportBuryatiaBuryatiaUlan-UdeUUD242,955[1] Decrease 17.4%Decrease4
57Sabetta International AirportTyumen OblastTyumen Oblast
Yamalo-Nenets Autonomous OkrugYamalo-Nenets Autonomous Okrug
SabettaSBT239,744[1] Increase 87.8%Increase14
58Khanty-Mansiysk AirportTyumen OblastTyumen Oblast
Khanty-Mansi Autonomous OkrugKhanty-Mansi Autonomous Okrug
Khanty-MansiyskHMA230,124[1] Decrease 15.1%Decrease3
59Talakan AirportSakha RepublicSakha RepublicVitimTLK223,774[1] Increase 13.1%Increase3
60Cherepovets AirportVologda OblastVologda OblastCherepovetsCEE221,463[1] Increase 17.2%Increase6
61Igarka AirportKrasnoyarsk KraiKrasnoyarsk KraiIgarkaIAA215,413[1] Increase 11.9%Increase3
62Grozny AirportChechnyaChechnyaGroznyGRV208,052[1] Increase 1.7%Decrease1
63Magas AirportIngushetiaIngushetiaNazranIGT205,843[1] Increase 75.6%Increase11
64Naryan-Mar AirportArkhangelsk OblastArkhangelsk Oblast
Nenets Autonomous OkrugNenets Autonomous Okrug
Naryan-MarNNM205,017[1] Decrease 3.9%Decrease5
65Noyabrsk AirportTyumen OblastTyumen Oblast
Yamalo-Nenets Autonomous OkrugYamalo-Nenets Autonomous Okrug
NoyabrskNOJ201,612[1] Decrease 6.5%Decrease7
66Pobedilovo AirportKirov OblastKirov OblastKirovKVX198,570[1] Increase 58.3%Increase6
67Nalchik AirportKabardino-BalkariaKabardino-BalkariaNalchikNAL194,096[1] Increase 84.0%Increase8
68Spichenkovo AirportKemerovo OblastKemerovo OblastNovokuznetskNOZ188,458[1] Decrease 10.1%Decrease8
69Abakan AirportKhakassiaKhakassiaAbakanABA184,725[1] Decrease 4.3%Decrease6
70Nadym AirportTyumen OblastTyumen Oblast
Yamalo-Nenets Autonomous OkrugYamalo-Nenets Autonomous Okrug
NadymNYM169,343[1] Decrease 2.7%Decrease2
71Cheboksary AirportChuvashiaChuvashiaCheboksaryCSY165,159[1] Increase 82.5%Increase7
72Usinsk AirportKomi RepublicKomi RepublicUsinskUSK165,087[1] Decrease 13.1%Decrease7
73Ulyanovsk Vostochny AirportUlyanovsk OblastUlyanovsk OblastUlyanovskULY148,543[1] Increase 722.3%Increase57
74Magnitogorsk AirportBashkortostanBashkortostan
Chelyabinsk OblastChelyabinsk Oblast
MagnitogorskMQF127,662[1] Decrease 4.7%Decrease4
75Bratsk AirportIrkutsk OblastIrkutsk OblastBratskBTK117,789[1] Decrease 16.1%Decrease6
76Kogalym AirportTyumen OblastTyumen Oblast
Khanty-Mansi Autonomous OkrugKhanty-Mansi Autonomous Okrug
KogalymKGP117,774[1] Decrease 1.2%Decrease3
77Penza AirportPenza OblastPenza OblastPenzaPEZ105,991[1] Increase 12.7%Steady
78Bovanenkovo AirportTyumen OblastTyumen Oblast
Yamalo-Nenets Autonomous OkrugYamalo-Nenets Autonomous Okrug
Bovanenkovo103,948[1] Increase 59.9%Increase9

Russia is a huge and beautiful country, surrounded by seas and oceans, filled with lakes, with a great variety of excellent places for diving. In the European part of the most popular and recommended for diving White and Barents Sea with a bright and diverse underwater world. In these northern seas you can swim with large mammals: minke whales, beluga whales, harp seals. The Baltic Sea is turbid and poor in life, but its bottom is literally strewn with sunken ships of different times and peoples. Other northern seas washing Russia are also, quite possibly, interesting for diving, but they are harsh and little known because of their inaccessibility even in the summer. Black Sea - as the warmest and most accessible sea in the country - was the cradle of diving in the USSR, despite the scarcity of underwater life. It was there that the first scuba divers came every summer with tents and Soviet underwater equipment. But in the Black Sea expanse lovers of racks and archeologists - the bottom is covered with a layer of sunken ships and ancient artifacts.

In the European part of Russia, including in the Moscow region itself, there are many lakes and reservoirs with a turbulent freshwater life and rather muddy water, in which undersea hunters are much more interested in swimming than for divers. But here there are beautiful water bodies, in which there is something to see, especially in periods when the water becomes transparent. Of the most beautiful, transparent and suitable for diving it is worth noting Lake Wischenec in the Kaliningrad region and Spas-Kamenskoe lake in the Moscow region.

Moving on the map of the country to the east, we meet with the surprisingly beautiful and famous in narrow circles Orda cave in the Perm region . Horde, as it is called divers, is a favorite place for cave courses and cave dives .

Lake Baikal is a pearl of Siberia. The deepest lake in the world, transparent and beautiful, is inhabited by endemic invertebrates and fish. Diving in Lake Baikal is interesting, but not easy due to cold water all year round and severe underwater landscapes with steep walls that extend to great depth. The nature of the Baikal shores is striking in its beauty and savagery. Optimal rest with dives - diving safari .

The Far Eastern coast, washed by the Pacific Ocean, is perhaps the most saturated with underwater life and the most interesting for diving in Russia. The Sea of Japan - relatively warm and accessible, is the most developed dive industry and a rich infrastructure: on the coast of Primorsky Krai from the Vityaz Bay in the south to Nakhodka there are several dive centers offering diving, including on picturesque islands and in the Far Eastern Marine Reserve.

Island of Sakhalin and the island Moneron , Kuril and Commander Islands , Kamchatka and Chukotka - all this is an extremely beautiful place, where you can endlessly enjoy the scenery, interesting diving and swimming with large marine animals: whales, killer whales, seals. At the same time, these regions are poorly mastered by the diving industry, and for organizing safe diving trips one has to apply a lot of professional efforts.

Practically all diving in Russia is diving in cold water, from 20 ° C in the Sea of Japan in summer to 2 ° C in Baikal and -1 0 ° C in the White Sea under ice. In such cold water you need to swim in a dry suit, having finished the corresponding special course PADI Dry Suit Diver. In addition, it is important to safely organize dives, because even on the surface in cold water you will not last long, and if a dry suit leaks - especially. The beaches are sparsely populated, there are few other ships and boats, so you should count only on the dive center or the safari yacht, which organize your diving. We are just building the right diving infrastructure in inaccessible places, and reliable operators offering a decent service are few. But if you went with us to the Russian wilderness with the idea of "Diving in Russia", then you will be provided with bright grandiose impressions of beautiful landscapes and wild nature.

Schedule of diving tours in Russia

Detailed descriptions and programs of our diving trips across Russia:

Photo reports from RuDIVE diving tours around Russia

All Liveaboards in Russia (1)