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Canada

Canada is a country in the northern part of North America. Its ten provinces and three territories extend from the Atlantic to the Pacific and northward into the Arctic Ocean, covering 9.98 million square kilometres (3.85 million square miles), making it the world's second-largest country by total area and the fourth-largest country by land area. Canada's sole border with the United States is the world's longest bi-national land border. The majority of the country has a cold or severely cold winter climate, but southerly areas are warm in summer. Canada is sparsely populated, the majority of its land territory being dominated by forest and tundra and the Rocky Mountains. It is highly urbanized with 82 per cent of the 35.15 million people concentrated in large and medium-sized cities, many near the southern border. Its capital is Ottawa, and its largest metropolitan areas are Toronto, Montreal and Vancouver.

Canada is a country in the northern part of North America. Its ten provinces and three territories extend from the Atlantic to the Pacific and northward into the Arctic Ocean, covering 9.98 million square kilometres (3.85 million square miles), making it the world's second-largest country by total area and the fourth-largest country by land area. Canada's sole border with the United States is the world's longest bi-national land border. The majority of the country has a cold or severely cold winter climate, but southerly areas are warm in summer. Canada is sparsely populated, the majority of its land territory being dominated by forest and tundra and the Rocky Mountains. It is highly urbanized with 82 per cent of the 35.15 million people concentrated in large and medium-sized cities, many near the southern border. Its capital is Ottawa, and its largest metropolitan areas are Toronto, Montreal and Vancouver.

Various indigenous peoples had inhabited what is now Canada for thousands of years prior to European colonization. Beginning in the 16th century, British and French claims were made on the area, with the colony of Canada first being established by the French in 1535 during Jacques Cartier's second voyage to New France. As a consequence of various conflicts, Great Britain gained and lost territories within British North America until it was left, in the late 18th century, with what mostly geographically comprises Canada today. Pursuant to the British North America Act, on July 1, 1867, the colonies of Canada, New Brunswick, and Nova Scotia joined to form the semi-autonomous federal Dominion of Canada. This began an accretion of provinces and territories to the mostly self-governing Dominion to the present ten provinces and three territories forming modern Canada.

In 1931, Canada achieved near-total independence from the United Kingdom with the Statute of Westminster 1931, but at the time, Canada decided to allow the British Parliament to temporarily retain the power to amend Canada's constitution, on request from the Parliament of Canada. With the Constitution Act 1982, Canada took over that authority (as the conclusion of Patriation), removing the last remaining ties of legal dependence on the British Parliament, giving the country full sovereignty.

Canada is a federal parliamentary democracy and a constitutional monarchy, with Queen Elizabeth II being the head of state. The country is officially bilingual at the federal level. It is one of the world's most ethnically diverse and multicultural nations, the product of large-scale immigration from many other countries. Its advanced economy is the tenth-largest in the world, relying chiefly upon its abundant natural resources and well-developed international trade networks. Canada's long and complex relationship with the United States has had a significant impact on its economy and culture.

Canada is a developed country and has the tenth-highest nominal per capita income globally as well as the ninth-highest ranking in the Human Development Index. It ranks among the highest in international measurements of government transparency, civil liberties, quality of life, economic freedom, and education. Canada is a realm within the Commonwealth of Nations, a member of the Francophonie, and part of several major international and intergovernmental institutions or groupings including the United Nations, the North Atlantic Treaty Organization, the G7 (formerly G8), the Group of Ten, the G20, the North American Free Trade Agreement and the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation forum.

This is a list of international airports in Canada. These airports are listed in the Canada Flight Supplement, or Water Aerodrome Supplement, published by Nav Canada and each is classified as an airport of entry. All these airports, with the exception of military airports, have a Canada Border Services Agency person available but they may not be available 24 hours a day and may only be open part of the week. Montréal-Pierre Elliott Trudeau International Airport serves a higher percentage of international passengers than any other Canadian airport.[1]

Of the airports below, only 13 are designated as international airports by Transport Canada[citation needed]: St John's, Gander, Halifax, Moncton, Fredericton, Quebec, Montreal, Toronto, Ottawa, Winnipeg, Calgary, Edmonton and Vancouver.

Airport nameCommunityProvincePassengers[2]
Abbotsford International AirportAbbotsfordBritish Columbia15
Atlin AirportAtlinBritish Columbia15
Atlin Water AerodromeAtlinBritish Columbia15
Baie-Comeau Water AerodromeBaie-ComeauQuebec15
Beaver Creek AirportBeaver CreekYukon15[3]
Bedwell Harbour Water AerodromeBedwell HarbourBritish Columbia15
Billy Bishop Toronto City Airport (Toronto Island)TorontoOntario15
Billy Bishop Toronto City Water Aerodrome (Toronto Harbour)TorontoOntario15
Boundary Bay AirportBoundary BayBritish Columbia15
Brandon Municipal AirportBrandonManitoba15
Brantford AirportBrantfordOntario15
Bromont (Roland Désourdy) AirportBromontQuebec15
Calgary International AirportCalgaryAlberta
Calgary/Springbank AirportCalgaryAlberta15
Campbell River AirportCampbell RiverBritish Columbia15
Campbell River Water AerodromeCampbell RiverBritish Columbia15
Castlegar AirportCastlegarBritish Columbia15
CFB BagotvilleBagotvilleQuebec15
CFB Cold LakeCold LakeAlberta[4]
CFB ComoxComoxBritish Columbia15
CFB Goose BayHappy Valley – Goose BayNewfoundland and Labrador15
CFB GreenwoodGreenwoodNova Scotia[5]
CFB ShearwaterDartmouthNova Scotia
CFB TrentonTrentonOntario[6]
Charlo AirportCharloNew Brunswick15
Charlottetown AirportCharlottetownPrince Edward Island60
Cornwall Regional AirportCornwallOntario15
Coronach/Scobey Border Station AirportCoronachSaskatchewan15
Coutts/Ross International AirportCouttsAlberta15
Cranbrook/Canadian Rockies International AirportCranbrookBritish Columbia15
Dawson City AirportDawson CityYukon30
Dawson City Water AerodromeDawson CityYukon30
Dawson Creek Water AerodromeDawson CreekBritish Columbia15
Del Bonita/Whetstone International AirportDel BonitaAlberta15
Drummondville AirportDrummondvilleQuebec15
Drummondville Water AerodromeDrummondvilleQuebec15
Dryden Regional AirportDrydenOntario15
Dryden Water AerodromeDrydenOntario19
Dunseith/International Peace Garden AirportInternational Peace GardenManitoba/North Dakota15
Edmonton International AirportEdmonton Capital RegionAlberta
Edmundston AirportEdmundstonNew Brunswick15
Florenceville AirportFlorencevilleNew Brunswick15
Fort Frances Municipal AirportFort FrancesOntario15
Fort Frances Water AerodromeFort FrancesOntario15
Gander International AirportGanderNewfoundland and Labrador
Goderich AirportGoderichOntario15
Goose (Otter Creek) Water AerodromeHappy Valley-Goose BayNewfoundland and Labrador15
Gore Bay-Manitoulin AirportGore BayOntario15
Grand Falls AirportGrand FallsNew Brunswick15
Grand Manan AirportGrand Manan IslandNew Brunswick15
Greater Fredericton AirportFrederictonNew Brunswick55
Greater Moncton International AirportMonctonNew Brunswick75
Guelph AirportGuelphOntario15
Halifax Stanfield International AirportHalifax Regional MunicipalityNova Scotia
Hamilton/John C. Munro International AirportHamiltonOntario110 (450)
Hanover Saugeen AirportHanoverOntario15
Inuvik (Mike Zubko) AirportInuvikNorthwest Territories15
Inuvik/Shell Lake Water AerodromeInuvikNorthwest Territories15
Iqaluit AirportIqaluitNunavut15
J.A. Douglas McCurdy Sydney Airport (Sydney Airport)SydneyNova Scotia44 (200)
Kamloops AirportKamloopsBritish Columbia15
Kamloops Water AerodromeKamloopsBritish Columbia15
Kelowna International AirportKelownaBritish Columbia
Kenora AirportKenoraOntario
Kenora Water AerodromeKenoraOntario15
Kingston/Norman Rogers AirportKingstonOntario30
Lac-à-la-Tortue AirportLac-à-la-TortueQuebec15
Lac-à-la-Tortue Water AerodromeLac-à-la-TortueQuebec15
Lachute AirportLachuteQuebec15
Lake Simcoe Regional AirportBarrieOntario24
Lethbridge County AirportLethbridgeAlberta15
London International AirportLondonOntario180 (450)
Masset Water AerodromeMassetBritish Columbia15
Montréal-Mirabel International AirportMontrealQuebec15
Montréal-Pierre Elliott Trudeau International AirportMontrealQuebec
Montréal/St-Hubert AirportMontrealQuebec15
Moose Jaw/Air Vice Marshal C.M. McEwen AirportMoose JawSaskatchewan[7]
Muskoka AirportMuskoka District MunicipalityOntario15
Nanaimo AirportNanaimoBritish Columbia30
Nanaimo Harbour Water AerodromeNanaimoBritish Columbia15
North Bay Water AerodromeNorth BayOntario15
North Bay/Jack Garland AirportNorth BayOntario15
Old Crow AirportOld CrowYukon15
Orillia AirportOrilliaOntario15
Orillia/Lake St John Water AerodromeOrilliaOntario15
Oshawa AirportOshawaOntario50
Ottawa Macdonald-Cartier International AirportOttawaOntario165 (450)
Owen Sound/Billy Bishop Regional AirportOwen SoundOntario15
Pelee Island AirportPeleeOntario15
Penticton Regional AirportPentictonBritish Columbia30
Penticton Water AerodromePentictonBritish Columbia15
Peterborough AirportPeterboroughOntario15
Piney Pinecreek Border AirportPineyManitoba15
Port Hardy AirportPort HardyBritish Columbia15
Prince George AirportPrince GeorgeBritish Columbia15
Prince Rupert AirportPrince RupertBritish Columbia15
Prince Rupert/Seal Cove Water AerodromePrince RupertBritish Columbia15
Québec/Jean Lesage International AirportQuebec CityQuebec
Québec/Lac St-Augustin Water AerodromeQuebec CityQuebec15
Rainy River Water AerodromeRainy RiverOntario15
Red Lake AirportRed LakeOntario15
Regina International AirportReginaSaskatchewan120 (250)
Region of Waterloo International AirportRegional Municipality of WaterlooOntario15/180[8]
Rivière Rouge/Mont-Tremblant International Inc AirportMont-TremblantQuebec15
Rykerts Water AerodromeRykertsBritish Columbia15
Saint John AirportSaint JohnNew Brunswick120
Sand Point Lake Water AerodromeSand Point LakeOntario15
Sarnia Chris Hadfield AirportSarniaOntario30
Saskatoon/John G. Diefenbaker International AirportSaskatoonSaskatchewan200 (300)
Sault Ste. Marie AirportSault Ste. MarieOntario30
Sault Ste. Marie Water AerodromeSault Ste. MarieOntario15
Sault Ste. Marie/Partridge Point Water AerodromeSault Ste. MarieOntario15
Sept-Îles AirportSept-ÎlesQuebec15
Sept-Îles/Lac Rapides Water AerodromeSept-ÎlesQuebec15
Sherbrooke AirportSherbrookeQuebec30
Sioux Lookout AirportSioux LookoutOntario15
St-Georges AirportSaint-GeorgesQuebec15
St. Catharines/Niagara District AirportSt. CatharinesOntario15
St. John's International AirportSt. John'sNewfoundland and Labrador165 (450)
St. Stephen AirportSt. StephenNew Brunswick15
St. Thomas Municipal AirportSt. ThomasOntario15
Stephenville International AirportStephenvilleNewfoundland and Labrador30
Stewart Water AerodromeStewartBritish Columbia15
Stratford Municipal AirportStratfordOntario15
Sudbury AirportGreater SudburyOntario15
Thunder Bay International AirportThunder BayOntario40
Thunder Bay Water AerodromeThunder BayOntario15
Toronto Pearson International AirportTorontoOntario
Toronto/Buttonville Municipal AirportButtonvilleOntario15
Trois-Rivières AirportTrois-RivièresQuebec15
Tuktoyaktuk AirportTuktoyaktukNorthwest Territories15
Vancouver Harbour Water AerodromeVancouverBritish Columbia15
Vancouver International AirportVancouverBritish Columbia
Vancouver International Water AerodromeVancouverBritish Columbia15
Victoria Airport Water AerodromeVictoriaBritish Columbia15
Victoria Inner Harbour AirportVictoriaBritish Columbia15
Victoria International AirportVictoriaBritish Columbia120 (450)
Whitehorse International AirportWhitehorseYukon50 (225)
Whitehorse Water AerodromeWhitehorseYukon15
Wiarton AirportWiartonOntarioX
Windsor AirportWindsorOntario325 (450)
Wingham/Richard W. LeVan AerodromeWinghamOntario15
Winnipeg International AirportWinnipegManitoba
Winterland AirportWinterlandNewfoundland and Labrador15
Yarmouth AirportYarmouthNova Scotia110
Yellowknife AirportYellowknifeNorthwest Territories15
Îles-de-la-Madeleine AirportMagdalen IslandsQuebec15
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