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Algeria

What to see in Algeria? Grand Ergs in the Sahara; the town of Timimoun; stunning Roman ruins of Constantine; the Palais de Raïs in Algiers; Ksours in the Mzab Valley; reefs and corals of Deca Beach.

Algeria, the complete official name is the People's Democratic Republic of Algeria, is a country in North Africa in the western Mediterranean basin. Algeria is the largest African state. It is bordered by Morocco to the west, Mauritania and Mali - to the south-west, Nigeria - to the south-east and Libya and Tunisia - to the east. The total area is 2.4 million kilometers; the population is about 40 million people. The capital is the city of Algiers. The official language is Arabic. Berber and French are also widely spread.

The national currency is the Algerian dinar. You can exchange money at most banks or at official money changers. You may have problems with withdrawal money at ATMs from your credit card, so try to have enough cash. Credit cards are accepted only in big hotels and restaurants.

Most of the country lies in the Sahara desert. The coastal area is covered with hills and mountains. Algeria’s coastal areas have a mild Mediterranean climate, hot in the summer and cool and rainy in the winter. Inlands have a dryer and hotter climate.

Although a large part of the Algeria is situated in Sahara, the natural wealth of this African country attracts many tourists. Moreover Algeria is extremely interesting for lovers of antiquities. Since there were Romans and Phoenicians, Carthaginians, Byzantines, and Turks, the amazing oriental architecture of buildings, mosques, forts and palaces is combined with Roman, early Christian, Byzantine churches and basilicas.

It’s impossible to feel the atmosphere of Algeria without seeing the Sahara and getting charmed by its austere majestic beauty. You can go trekking by camel through the desert or just visit Grand Ergs in the Sahara. People who spent some time there say that it clarifies thoughts and calms mind. You can have a rest in an oasis, for example in the town of Timimoun, situated near a picturesque red salt lake.

Connoisseurs of ancient architecture should visit Constantine, featuring the country’s most stunning Roman ruins; Tlemcen, a seventeen-century-old city surrounded by vineyards and olive fields, where you can see an amazing Grand Mosque, dating back to 1082; and, of course, the Casbah and the Palais de Raïs in Algiers.

Nature lovers will probably want to see Tassili N’Ajjer National Park with its sandstone mountains, abundant flora and impressive views; the Mzab Valley, where you can see Ksours – fortified towns – built in the 10th century; and Ahaggar National Park, boasting interesting volcanic rock formations and excellent biodiversity.

Houari Boumediene Airport, also called Algiers International Airport (ALG), Algiers

Rabah Bitat Airport (AAE), Annaba

Mohamed Boudiaf International Airport (CZL), Constantine

Oued Irara–Krim Belkacem Airport (HME), Hassi Messaoud

Es-Sénia – Ahmed Ben Bella Airport (ORN), Es Sénia

Zenata – Messali El Hadj Airport (TLM), Tlemcen

Mostépha Ben Boulaid Airport (BLJ), Batna

Soummam – Abane Ramdane Airport (BJA), Béjaïa

Algeria is not a top diving destination, although the Mediterranean Sea gives some opportunities for diving. The best-known dive site on the Mediterranean coast is Deca Beach where you will find interesting reefs, beautiful red corals and abundant sea life. While diving you can meet hammerhead sharks. The water temperature varies from 14 to 28 degrees Celsius.

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